Women have served in the Russian armed forces since the Soviet era. The navy, which is discussing the future role of women in the service, insisted that discussing the role of women was not discriminatory. After all, the navy has women serving in communications units, medical units and on shore facilities.
However, in the cramped confines of a warship, and even more so, a submarine, it is extremely difficult to create conditions conducive for members of both sexes to function together professionally, a fact highlighted by scandals in the US Navy. Even though American ships are more advanced than Russian vessels, and take care to ensure the comfort of their crews even at the planning-design phase, they are occasionally unable to avoid unpleasant situations.